- World Of Music - Rock biografije
JIMI HENDRIX EXPERIENCE
Short Band History
November 27, 1942 - September 18, 1970
The Jimi Hendrix Experience recorded three landmark albums
- "Are You Experienced?", "Axis: Bold As Love" and "Electric
Ladyland" - in a year and a half. Hendrix's theatrical, incendiary performances
at the Monterey Pop and Woodstock festivals, including the ceremonial torching
of his guitar at Monterey, have become part of rock and roll legend. Under extreme
pressure due to a combination of nonstop work, sudden celebrity and drug-taking,
the trio broke up in early 1969. Hendrix commenced work on a projected double
album and debuted a new trio, Band of Gypsies, at the Fillmore East on New Year's
Eve 1969. Hendrix performed his last concert at the Isle of Fehmarn, Germany
on September 6, 1970 (though he joined Eric Burdon and War on stage on September
16 at Ronnie Scott's in London). On September 18, he died from suffocation,
having inhaled vomit due to barbiturate intoxication.
In the wake of Hendrix's death, a flood of posthumous albums
- everything from old jams from his days as an R&B journeyman to live recordings
from his 1967-1970 prime to previously unreleased or unfinished studio work
- hit the market. There have been an estimated 100 of them, including Voodoo
Soup (1995), an attempt to reconstruct First Ray of the New Rising Sun - the
album Hendrix was working on at the time of his death - from tapes, notes, interviews
and song lists.
November 27, 1942
Johnny Allen Hendrix is born at 10:15 a.m. at Seattle's King County Hospital.
His mother is Lucille Jeter, 17. His father, James "Al" Hendrix, is
in the U.S. Army, stationed in Camp Rucker, Alabama.
December 25, 1945
Noel Redding was born.
September 11, 1946
Al Hendrix, now out of the service, changes his son's name to James Marshall
Hendrix. Al will take primary responsibility for raising Jimi. "My dad
was very strict and taught me that I must respect my elders always. I couldn't
speak unless I was spoken to first by grown-ups, so I've always been very quiet,"
Hendrix said of his childhood.
July 9, 1947
Mitch Mitchell was born.
September 1, 1957
Jimi Hendrix goes to see Elvis Presley perform at Sicks Stadium.
February 2, 1958
Jimi Hendrix's mother dies.
Jimi Hendrix's father buys him a second-hand acoustic guitar. It costs five
dollars. "Jimmy told me about it [the guitar] and I said, ‘Okay,' and gave
him the money. He strummed away on that, working away all the time, any spare
time he had," said Al.
Al Hendrix buys Jimi his first electric guitar, a Supro Ozark 1560 S. Jimi joins
the Rocking Kings. "My first gig with them was at a National Guard armory.
We earned like 35 cents apiece. We used to play stuff by people like the Coasters,"
Jimi Hendrix enlists in the Army. Stationed at Fort Ord, California, he writes
home: "The Army's not too bad, so far. . . . All, I mean, all my hair's
cut off and I have to shave. . . I won't be able to see you until two months
from now. . . we're going through basic training."
November 1, 1961
Now stationed at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, Jimi Hendrix is training to become
a paratrooper. Meanwhile, he forms a band, the King Kasuals, with a fellow soldier,
July 2, 1962
After getting hurt during a jump, Jimi Hendrix gets an honorable discharge from
the Army. Over the next three years, he will play numerous gigs and studio sessions
with such R&B stars as Little Richard, the Isley Brothers, Ike and Tina
Turner and Sam Cooke.
April 1, 1965
Jimi Hendrix goes to New York with Little Richard's band and takes a room at
the Theresa Hotel. Over the next several months, he will play with Little Richard,
King Curtis, Joey Dee and the Starlighters and the Isley Brothers. He also takes
a job with a club band called Curtis Knight and the Squires.
June 1, 1966
Jimi Hendrix forms a band called Jimmy James and the Blue Flames, which also
includes guitarist Randy California, later of the group Spirit. They get a regular
gig at Caf* Wha? in Greenwich Village.
September 24, 1966
Jimi Hendrix and Chas Chandler, former bassist with the Animals, fly from New
York to London. There, Hendrix will form a new band and Chandler will become
the manager of the Jimi Hendrix Experience. En route, they decide to change
the guitarist's name from Jimmy to Jimi.
October 1, 1966
Hendrix jams with Cream at the Regent Polytechnic College.
October 6, 1966
The Jimi Hendrix Experience holds its first rehearsal. The group features Jimi
on guitar, Mitch Mitchell, formerly of Georgie Fame's Blue Flames, on drums,
and Noel Redding on bass. The following week, the Experience plays a four-day
French tour supporting Johnny Hallyday.
October 23, 1966
The Jimi Hendrix Experience records its first two songs, "Hey Joe"
and "Stone Free" at London's De Lane Lea Studios.
December 16, 1966
The Jimi Hendrix Experience release "Hey Joe" in England. By February
1967, it reaches Number Four on the British charts. The next single, "Purple
Haze," reaches Number Three. The group's debut album, "Are You Experienced?",
will remain near the top of the charts through the summer of 1967.
June 18, 1967
Jimi Hendrix performs at the Monterey International Pop Festival. Brian Jones
of the Rolling Stones introduces him as "the most exciting performer I've
ever heard." At the end of his performance, he burns his Fender Stratocaster.
"The time I burned my guitar it was like a sacrifice," Jimi said.
"You sacrifice the things you love. I love my guitar. I'd just finished
painting it that day and was really into it." Literally overnight, the
Jimi Hendrix Experience become one of the most popular acts in rock music.
December 1, 1967
The Jimi Hendrix Experience releases "Axis: Bold as Love". The album,
which is released in the U.S. on January 15, includes such songs as "Little
Wing," "If Six Was Nine," "Castles Made of Sand" and
"Spanish Castle Magic."
February 1, 1968
The Experience embarks on a major U.S. tour. The first show is at the Fillmore,
in San Francisco. On February 12, Jimi Hendrix returns to Seattle for a show
at the Center Arena. Jimi's family is seated in the front row.
October 18, 1968
Jimi Hendrix's version of Bob Dylan's "All Along the Watchtower" is
released. "Before I came to England, I was digging a lot of the things
Bob Dylan was doing," Jimi said. "He is giving me inspiration."
October 25, 1968
"Electric Ladyland", a double album recorded in the U.S. and England,
is released. It becomes Hendrix's first Number One album in the U.S. and includes
such tracks as "Voodoo Chile," "Crosstown Traffic" and "All
Along the Watchtower."
February 24, 1969
The Jimi Hendrix Experience plays its last British performance at London's Royal
June 29, 1969
The Jimi Hendrix Experience plays the final date on its last American tour at
the Denver Pop Festival. At the height of its popularity, the group breaks up.
AUGUST 15-17, 1969
The year 1969 was the year of the rock festival. The largest was the Woodstock
Music and Art Fair, held on the weekend of August 15-17 in the tiny town of
Bethel, in upstate New York. An estimated crowd of 450,000 attended the event,
which featured everyone from Jimi Hendrix and Joe Cocker, to Arlo Guthrie, the
Jefferson Airplane, the Who, Janis Joplin, Sly and the Family Stone, Ravi Shankar
and Country Joe McDonald. If Woodstock marked the apex of the hippie movement
in America, the Rolling Stones' free concert in Hyde Park did the same for England.
Held on July 5, the show drew nearly 300,000 people, the largest gathering in
England since V-E Day.
August 18, 1969
Hendrix debuts a new band, Gypsy Sun and Rainbows, at the Woodstock music festival
in New York State. The group includes old friend Billy Cox on bass, Mitch Mitchell
on drums, Larry Lee on rhythm guitar and Juma Sultan and Jerry Velez on percussion.
He takes the stage at 7:30 in the morning, and his version of "The Star
Spangled Banner" becomes the highlight of the festival.
DECEMBER 31, 1969 - JANUARY 1, 1970
Band of Gypsys – a trio with Hendrix, Cox and drummer Buddy Miles – plays Bill
Graham's Fillmore East in New York. Graham calls the shows "the most brilliant,
emotional display of virtuosic electric guitar playing I have ever heard."
April 28, 1970
Jimi Hendrix and the Band of Gypsies "The Cry of Love" tour begins
at the Forum in Los Angeles. Mitch Mitchell is back on drums.
The Cry of Love with the Band of Gypsies tour continues, with shows at Berkeley,
Rainbow Bridge in Hawaii and the Atlanta Pop Festival. The group begins work
on a new double album, "First Rays of the New Rising Sun". Though
some of the tracks are released as "The Cry of Love", the album does
not get its full release until 1997.
August 25, 1970
A grand opening party is held at Electric Lady Studios, which Jimi has designed
for himself in New York.
August 30, 1970
Hendrix performs at the Isle of Wight Festival in England.
September 6, 1970
Hendrix, Cox and Mitchell play the Love and Peace Festival in Puttgarden, Germany.
Hendrix then returns to London.
September 16, 1970
Jimi Hendrix jams with Eric Burdon and War at Ronnie Scott's Club.
September 18, 1970
Jimi Hendrix dies in his sleep at the Samarkand Hotel in London. He was 27.